What should I do if a tick bites you?
The bite may not look as scary as a dog’s bite, however the consequences can be very sad – up to a lethal outcome. About how to not get lost in a difficult situation and what to do before an ambulance arrives, says the project’s First Aid Doctor Doktor, resuscitator Alexei Starkov.
Than the tick is dangerous?
The tick feeds on blood: animals, birds, humans – and carries diseases. The most dangerous is encephalitis . This disease affects the central nervous system, causes limb paralysis and can lead to death. The key factor here is time. The earlier the tick is detected and removed, the less likely the infection is. Even if it happened, timely assistance will save a person.
The most dangerous months in the tick-borne season are May, June, July. Traditional areas of encephalitis are Siberia, the Urals and the Far East, but you can get infected in the North-West region, in the Volga region, and, of course, in the Moscow region. Every year in Russia, about 10,000 people become infected with tick-borne infections. These diseases are well studied, and with the timely detection and proper treatment of physicians give optimistic predictions.
How to get a tick?
If you need to help a person who has been bitten by a tick, try not to crush the tick when it is removed. It must be carefully removed (preferably by rotational movements), using tweezers, thread, napkin or special device. When extracting the tick it is not recommended to squeeze it out and it is highly undesirable to crush it so that the contents of the tick do not get into the wound.
Many sources recommend dropping a drop of oil to prevent air from entering the wound, making the environment uncomfortable for an incandescent mite. But, as a rule, people do not have the patience to wait for the moment when he starts to try to get out of the wound himself. In addition, many authors believe that the anatomy of the tick does not allow him to move backwards – he only moves forward. Therefore, a drop of oil is an ambiguous recommendation.
I advise you to remove the mite from the wound as soon as possible, for which the easiest and most affordable way is to use a loop from a normal thread. It should be placed as close to the skin as possible, at the place where the tick is inserted, and swinging movements to try to extract the arthropod from the wound. You can use tweezers or just a napkin, but be very careful in terms of crushing, do not exert strong pressure to not crush the body of the mite.
After removing the tick, the place of bite should be treated with an alcohol-containing solution. The mite itself (whether alive or dead) or its fragments after extraction makes sense to be placed in a moist environment for later analysis on encephalitis and Lyme disease (borreliosis). The analysis should be conducted within two days. The victim also needs to undergo an examination with the doctors who, if necessary, will prescribe the treatment.