The 5 most strange mental disorders are walking dead, craving for human flesh and not only
“I’m not crazy, it’s just that my reality is different from yours,” the wise Cheshire Cat told the girl Alice. And he was absolutely right, because everything that we represent ourselves, all our thoughts and memories, hopes and dreams , fit into a very important but relatively small brain . But in the end, the brain is just an organ. And therefore it is not surprising that he sometimes has mistakes. And, sometimes it’s such mistakes that it would be difficult to think up even on purpose.
Schizophrenia , bipolar disorder , depression and panic attacks – fortunately, they are talking about all this, trying to destroy the existing stigma. In order to raise awareness, we have collected in this material the most unusual (and, I must admit, quite frightening) mental disorders.
Cotara syndrome, also known as the dead dead syndrome, is a complex combination of anxious depression, derealization, depersonalization and delusions, associated mainly with the fact that the patient believes that he once died or was mutilated in some other way so that now he can not be considered alive. But while one part of people with Cotard’s syndrome believes that their bowels have rotted, there is no heart or all organs were removed at once, another part believes that they are immortal and omnipotent (that is, the symptoms of Kotar’s syndrome are combined here with megalomania).
Fregoli’s syndrome (or Fregoli’s delirium) is a person’s irrational conviction that all the people around him are the same person who specifically changes his appearance and is skillfully makeup to stay unnoticed. Delirium is always paranoid in nature, as the patient is increasingly convinced that someone pursues him. Named after the Italian comedian Leopoldo Fregoli, who often changed his appearance during the performances, the syndrome is considered a type of Kapgra syndrome (when the patient is sure that someone from his close environment has been replaced by a double).
The researchers suggest that the cause of the condition may be an organic brain disease, namely, a break or a serious disruption of communication between the areas responsible for perception and emotion.
Wendigo (Windigo) is a cannibalistic spirit, a symbol of insatiable hunger , a creature with sharp teeth and a whistle that resembles the rustle of the wind, in the myths of some Indian tribes. Wendigo’s psychosis is described as an irresistible craving for human flesh , which affects only the Canadian Indians. That is, this mental disorder is directly related to cultural characteristics.
It is known that the symptoms of Wendigo psychosis usually appear in the winter in the form of an exaggerated form of fever. The irony is that it all begins with a loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, after which the victim of psychosis has a strange and unbridled craving for human meat. Some victims of psychosis attempt suicide, thus trying to avoid “contaminating” others.
The first description of the phenomenon dates back to 1722. However, the number of cases of Wendigo psychosis recorded since then is so small that researchers suggest that the disorder may be more a myth than a reality.
Our brain is equipped with some kind of deliberative, let’s call it so, a mechanism that helps us to act through decision-making, whether this decision is to drink tea or coffee in the morning, and maybe to leave work or wait a little longer . Aboulomania (Aboulomania) – what happens when this mechanism is disabled or defective.
People with abulomania, pathological inability to decide anything, report that they are paralyzed literally every decision they must take. What is particularly interesting here is that in everything else the person is completely normal. Sufferers of abulomania often know perfectly well that they are indecisive to insanity, but they will still suffer, choosing one of the two, throughout their life. The clinical picture of patients in the overwhelming majority of cases is associated with depressive states, and cognitive therapy is considered to be the most effective treatment for abulomania.
It’s normal to feel a little overloaded with emotions in the presence of fine arts. However, the rapidity of the pulse, fainting and hallucinations , you will agree, are not so common. Stendhal’s syndrome is a mental disorder and the condition associated with it, caused by various visual (most often) stimuli. It does not necessarily occur in a picture gallery or a museum: a person, for example, can too admire the beauty of nature and even the singing of birds.
Modern specialists tend to regard Stendhal’s syndrome as a peculiarity of the psyche of an overly sensitive person, rather than a full-fledged mental disorder. Nevertheless, there are a number of variations of Stendhal’s syndrome, which are also useful to know:
- The Jerusalem Syndrome – affects very religious people who visit the Holy Land. The Jerusalem police and doctors even have special instructions on how to behave with tourists who suddenly declare themselves Messiah;
- The Syndrome of Florence is exactly what Marie-Henri Bail (Stendhal) described when he visited the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. “I saw masterpieces of art generated by the energy of passion, after which everything became meaningless, small, limited,” he said. Hundreds of people today also admit that they feel something similar in Florence, especially when they look at Michelangelo’s “David” at the Academy of Fine Arts;
- The Paris syndrome is a condition that affects only the Japanese, who come to Paris with a tourist purpose. It is believed that acute psychosis in this case is caused by disappointment from the huge difference between real Paris and their idealized notions of it. Although just about the Paris syndrome, we already somehow told in detail .