We are usually known as upon to help graduate students prepare summaries of articles. You possibly know the kind of assignment to which I am referring. Uncover some articles on a subject and create a single paper on a theme utilizing those articles as references.
Students do this regularly, but business specialists, consultants, researchers, and writers for professional journals also do this. For example, we assisted a state official who was asked to prepare a summary of existing research on grammar instruction (a subject near and dear to our hearts!).
This sort of activity can be overwhelming, and the much more articles you have, the more complicated it can seem. What do you say? Where do you start off? How do you put collectively the information so that it makes sense and presents a logical, organized discussion?
Luckily, we have a approach for this, and it might assist you. I am a believer in processes for writing. Right here are the steps to ours. (I know that 20steps appears complicated, but I have tried to be as specific as possible. As soon as you have carried out this one time, it will look both logical and basic.)
Portion A: Study
Read the articles. (Of course!)
Highlight substantial points, details, opinions, findings, statements, etc.
Generate a table on your word processor and list the highlighted text in columns under the post name (i.e., the post title is at the top of the column, and the findings are beneath the title). We call these raw write-up findings.
Print out your table.
Part B: Generating concepts
Assessment the article findings and begin producing a list of key words and topics addressed in the articles. Do this on paper.
Organize the subjects into an outline on a separate sheet of paper. This will be the outline of your summary. We suggest starting with an overview of the central theme, moving into specifics, and then concluding with consequences, subsequent actions, or final results. You will have to produce an outline appropriate for your purpose.
Label every single component of your outline. Instead of the standard A, A1, A1a format, use initials that represent the content of every single element of the outline. For example, a subject on teachers may be labeled “(T)” and a subtopic on teacher encounter may possibly be labeled “(TE).”
Component C: Coding the investigation findings
Now, go back to your printed table and begin labeling the findings. Label each item in your table with a code from your outline.
Develop extra subtopics from findings that do not look to fit your outline, or generate new levels in your outline if you have numerous findings that fall beneath a single heading. Perhaps the subtopics can be further defined. When you are finished, every single discovering must have a label that corresponds to a label on your outline.
Component D: Preparing to create.
Create a separate document on your word processor, and copy your outline to it. Leave 3 or four blank lines in between every heading.
Select a column on your table, and colour the text (e.g., make the text dark red or green).
Employing your labeled, printed copy of the findings as a reference, commence copying and pasting the findings from your original table into the suitable spot on your outline. Do this for one write-up at a time. Simply because you colored the text in the columns, you will be in a position to determine the source for each and every piece of copied text when you copy it.
At the best of the outline, put your in-text citation data for every single post, and color the citation info to match the text for findings from that article. For example, if you colored the text for post A in dark green, also colour the citation for report A in dark green. Note: if you have a lot more than 6 or 7 citations, you may possibly wish to develop a separate document for them.
Consider the text under each heading. Organize them in a logical manner that meets your purposes. Think about how you will organize the findings into a paragraph or two. Bear in mind context initial, followed by content, and ending with conclusion, effect, or action. Consider how you will develop a transition to the subsequent topic.
Portion E: Writing:
You now have all the information, and they are organized. Underneath the findings for the 1st outline subject, commence writing the tips in your personal words. Only do this for one particular subject on your outline.
Copy and paste the in-text citation data as required.
Generate a new document. This is your draft. When you have completed writing about the first subject, copy it to the new document.
Delete the heading, findings, and text from the outline so that the label and findings from the subsequent subject are now under the list of citations (or at the prime of the page if you developed a separate document for citations).
Continue with every subsequent topic on your outline, writing text for the findings, copying the text to the draft, and deleting the findings from the outline document. Ultimately, the outline document will be empty and the draft document will be completed.
Edit, revise, format, and so forth. the draft as needed, and produce your reference list to match the in-text citations.
Congratulations! You now have your summary of the articles.