Since the first IVF in the world, more than 8 million children were born “from a test tube”
The world’s first child, conceived in an artificial way, appeared 40 years ago. Louise Brown was born in 1978. The International Committee, which monitors progress in the field of reproductive technology (International Committee for Monitoring ART), estimated that over the years, the number of children born with the help of medicine has reached and exceeded eight million (worldwide). According to data collected from 1991 to 2014, more than two million couples annually seek medical services for the treatment of infertility, and this results in over half a million newborn babies. The most active country in this aspect is Spain, in 2015 almost 120 thousand cycles of treatment were conducted, the second place – in Russia with more than 110 thousand cycles, followed by Germany and France. The following procedures were taken into account: IVF, ICSI and oocyte donation. In Europe in 2015, nearly 800 thousand procedures were carried out, more than 157 thousand children were born.
The following was also found out: European clinics prefer to conduct ICSI – such fertilizations are performed twice as much as IVF. Pregnancy with the use of reproductive technologies occurs in 36% of cases, and the probability of successful conception is higher if five-day embryos are taken, and not three-day ones. The frequency of the use of egg donation rises, less often twins are born and more often – single children. 15% of the embryos planted in 2015 were frozen. In different countries, the ratio of the number of procedures to the number of people in need is different: in Denmark and Belgium, for example, there are more than 2500 quotas for treatment, in Austria and Italy – much less. On average, one million people in the world need 1500 quotas.