“Overeaten, already sweating”: how the body is affected by overeating
If you, like the author of this material, adore the series “Friends”, then for certain you remember the episode in which Joey, eating a turkey for Thanksgiving, mentions “meat sweat”. Although even if you do not remember and do not know this series, then you probably know what Joe is talking about.
If a person eats too many burgers , sausages , and even chicken soup , then he may suddenly need to change into something dry. No matter how ridiculous it may sound, “meat sweat” is the most real thing. This is an intense sweating, which is accompanied by consumption of not necessarily meat, but a large number of dense and (most often) hot food.
The main cause is metabolism
Of course, you will not find “meat sweat” in medical dictionaries, even if you try very hard. On the other hand, they can find a lot of information about the digestive mechanisms that make it possible. According to Keya Mukherjee, a biochemist at Texas A & M University specializing in carbohydrate metabolism, this is due to the way our body breaks down the protein.
“Proteins are extremely complex molecules, and therefore the body needs much more energy than in the case of fats or carbohydrates to assimilate them,” Mukherjee said in an interview with Live Science. – If you eat a lot of protein, but no longer eat anything, your body will constantly require energy, the production of which is accompanied by the generation of heat. And this ultimately leads to increased sweating. “
In fact, the metabolism of any food – no matter, with the advantage of protein, fat or carbohydrates – requires energy. In a review of medical research in 2009, it was found that after a hearty meal or dinner, body energy increases by about 25%, necessary for digesting everything that a person has just eaten. As in the case of exercises , additional energy costs take the form of heat, which slightly increases the body temperature. This phenomenon is known as the “thermal effect of food”.
Proteins are more dangerous than fats and carbohydrates
It is logical that different products require different amounts of energy for digestion. And it’s even more logical that our body needs less energy to process yogurt than to process the steak. Nevertheless, researchers note that it is for protein digestion of food that we need the most energy.
Kia Mukherjee explains that there are several reasons for this. The first – proteins are complex molecules, consisting of many small chemical bonds. Each of these bonds must be broken by different types of enzymes, before the protein can be metabolized. Well, the creation of all these enzymes requires additional effort from the body.
Another reason may be that our body loves protein so much that it immediately uses the energy of digested proteins to create new proteins. “This process is also quite intense,” Mukherjee adds.
In addition, even the texture of meat, if we are talking about “meat-eating”, can play a role. “If the meat is tough, you will have to chew a piece intensively before swallowing it,” the expert explains. Needless to say, in this case the amount of necessary energy, and with it heat, increases again.
Is there any reason to worry?
Despite all of this, “meat sweat” should not become a part of your life, experts warn. If you sweat constantly when you eat, this may be a sign that your diet is difficult to call balanced , or that your body does not metabolize food properly. In other words, with the regular repetition of “meat sweat” – an excuse to check whether everything is good with your metabolism.