How to make list of literature reference

State standards of bibliographic descriptions

References, lists of literature, bibliographic lists are an important element of the educational (abstract, course and diploma work) or scientific (article, thesis) work. 


Bibliographic description of the book

The bibliographic description of the book is given in the following sequence:

Author (Surname, IO). Title: information relating to the title/statement of responsibility (authors); the following information about the responsibility (editors, translators, collectives). – Information on the publication (information on the re-issue, edition number). – Place of publication: Publisher, Publishing year. – Volume.

Red color indicates the elements that separate the description areas from each other. According to the 2008 standard, it is allowed to replace the sign in a short bibliographic reference/footnote. – (dot and dash), on the sign. (dot and space).

The name of the city (place of publication) is written in full (Omsk, Minsk). The only exception is the following cities, whose names are written in abbreviated form: Moscow (Moscow), Leningrad (Leningrad), St. Petersburg (St. Petersburg), Nizhny Novgorod (Nizhny Novgorod), Rostov-on- D), London (L.), Paris (P.), New York (NY.). The name of the publishing house is written without quotes from the capital letter, while the word “publisher” itself is omitted. If the name of the publisher follows the term-definition, then the quotation marks are put in the title (Publishing House “Image-Media”).

Thus, the bibliographic description of a book with one author will look like this:

Semenov, V. V. Philosophy: the result of millennia. Philosophical psychology / VV Semenov. – Pushchino: PSC RAS, 2000. – 64 p.

If the authors of the book are 2-3 , then the title of the author is written in the title, and all authors are listed comma-separated in the area of information about responsibility (which is separated from the title by a slash):

Khromov, AA Electrical Engineering: Textbook. for higher education institutions / AA Khromov, MS Arkhangelsky, AV Ivanov; Ed. AI Chuprina. – ?.: ?uick.Shk., 2001. – 233 p.

And, finally, if there are four or more authors, then the surname of only the first author is indicated with the addition of the words “and others”, for example:

Koketkin, P.P. Ways to improve the quality of clothing manufacture / Koketkin P. P. et al. – M.: Legprombytizdat, 1989. – 240 p.

or under the title:

History of Russia: Textbook. allowance for students of all specialties / VN Bykov and others; otv. Ed. VN Sukhov. – 2 nd ed., Pererab. and additional. – St. Petersburg. : SPbLTA, 2001. 231 p.

The title describes collections, which include works by different authors, collections of laws, official and regulatory documents.

Bibliographic description of the article from the collection or periodical

Such a bibliographic description consists of two parts: information about the article and information about the publication and the place (s) in which this article is placed. These parts are separated from each other by a double slash. This is the description of an  article from the magazine :

Abramov, V. V. Multicriteria optimization of skidding in selective felling in low-forest areas / V. V. Abramov // Young Scientist. – 2013. – No. 6. – P. 12-15.

and the description of the article from the collection of articles:

Likhachev, DS The image of the city / DS Likhachev // Historical Local Studies in the USSR: Vopr. theory and practice: Sat. sci. Art. – Kiev, 1991. – P. 181-188.

If the article is placed in several issues of the periodical or in one issue on non-contiguous pages, the output data is separated from each other by a semicolon, with the matching data being omitted:

Grimak, LP Bioenergetic system and human biofield: structure and functions / LP Grimak // Psychotherapy. – 2008. – No. 1. – P. 37-48; No.2. – P. 50-64.

Bibliographic description of the author’s abstract and dissertation

The compilation of a bibliographic description of a thesis or an abstract of a thesis is subject to general rules, indicating the type of work in abbreviated form (“dis.” Or “author’s abstract”) and the academic degree for which the thesis is presented. For example:

Karpik, AP Geodesic spatial information system for sustainable development of territories: dis. … Doct. tech. Sciences: 05.24.01 / AP Karpik. – Novosibirsk, 2004. – 295 p.

Bibliographic description of books in a foreign language

Books in foreign languages are described in accordance with the general requirements in the original language:

Independent Ukraine: a bibliographical guide to English-language publications, 1989-1999 / Bohdan S. Winar. – Englewood: Ukr. Acad. Press, 2000. – XIV, 552 p.


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