An organisation is course of attaining its objectives is influenced by a number of internet and external factors. The external aspects are beyond manage. The internal elements can, nevertheless, be controlled or suitably amended to facilitate the achievement of the predetermined objectives.
Each and every manager tries to make certain that all that is believed of is accomplished. It calls for for a systematic strategy involving a cautious forecast and coordinated group effort.
The sequence of careful forecast and coordinated group efforts involves combination of a number of functions to be performed by a manager. These managerial functions vary from one particular organization to yet another. There is no unanimity amongst the scholars as to the functions necessary to be performed by manager. Different scholars of management have described the function of management differently depending upon their research and research.
1.Forecasting and organizing
In above classification of functions, forecasting was deemed as an integral activity of arranging. Commanding incorporated directing and staffing. Coordinating, an overall function of management was deemed as an independent managerial function. Organizing and controlling had been treated as usual functions.
Arranging is the basic function of management. It implies setting the targets or objectives essential to be achieved and also deciding in advance the probable courses of action or methods required to achieve these objectives.
Koontz and ODonnel define planning as An intellectual approach, conscious determination of course of action, basing of choice on facts, purposes and deemed estimates.
It is implies the managerial procedure of generating the authority responsibility relationship all through an organization. It requires the function of delegating authority as ell as fixing the responsibilities. As a managerial function the process of organization involves the following activities.
Staffing is concerned with arranging and organizing human resources specifications. Staffing contains the activities which aim at deciding on, education and placing the persons of required skills and capabilities
Directing is known as the driving force. To quote koontz and oDonnel Directing is the inter-individual aspect of managing by which subordinates are led to realize and contribute successfully and efficiently to the attainment of enterprise objectives.
Controlling signifies guaranteeing that the overall performance of the persons matches the plans determine in arranging stage.