During the Second World War physicians saved 17 million lives
Before each of the 700,000 medical workers who worked during the Great Patriotic War, it was a daunting task to return the wounded soldiers and officers to the battlefield as soon as possible. It is believed that thanks to the efforts of military physicians managed to save about 17 million lives. Losses among the health workers themselves were higher than in any other military unit – one out of every eight doctors did not live up to the end of the war.
Military doctors worked in the most difficult conditions – brittle nurses had to pull wounded soldiers out of the battlefields, and doctors had to learn and, sometimes, independently invent new methods of treatment that helped the soldiers recover. That’s what the doctors themselves told about their service during the war.
Belskaya (Tochilkina) Lydia Alekseevna
The most important thing that we had to do was to help the wounded as soon as possible. Therefore, the regimental medical post was arranged as close as possible to the front line. Sometimes he stood only 400-500 meters from the battlefield, so we were bombed and fired, and even as … Machine guns scribble, splinters whistle … Sometimes a blast wave of the wounded was dropped from the operating table … I remember the case when an explosion was heard nearby, the wounded was dropped, but I was hit by a jamb … Then you get up and start to feel yourself and think – so the hands, the legs are whole, the head in place: “Raise the wounded, we continue to work …”.
Nina Sergeevna Bobovkina
Transportation of the wounded is a very difficult task for the girl. In specially converted and insulated lorry lorries on brackets in three tiers, six stretchers were installed with seriously wounded fighters, five more legged wounded were placed on a folding bench.
The heavily wounded were wrapped in special fur or quilted envelopes, since the overcoat and boots were not worn, but it was already cold. The nurse during the movement of the machine all the time had to maintain the upper and middle stretcher so that the wounded did not fall to the floor from a strong shaking.
On fragile girlish shoulders were assigned and loading and unloading, carrying the wounded. Imagine how incredibly difficult it was to load or unload a wounded warrior-hero into the upper tier of the bracket. We had to lift the stretcher over your head in outstretched arms! To bandage, water and feed from hand – all this was done in a constant working mode, and besides under bombardment, bombardment.
No replaceable doctors, sisters, nurses were there. The nervous system could not withstand overloads from what he saw, from death and blood. Fatigue, in the most direct sense, fell from the feet. Dreams dreamed of being an expensive gift. But they worked without grumbling and urging – as much as necessary. For they knew one thing: we need the wounded, who will perish without our help.
Stepanian Suren Ivanovich
In each battalion there was a sanitary platoon. Our task is to provide first aid. In battle or defense, orderlies, medical orderlies on the spot render first aid, and then bring the wounded to us. Those that are heavy – already brought or brought. Fractures are open, injured complex, injured spine, open abdomen. It happened that the wounded man keeps his guts and comes walking.
The first help should be given correctly. Immediately did anti-tetanus injections. Often, the wounded are in a state of shock, they do not even feel pain. Derived from the shock of a stab of morphine right in the stomach, subcutaneously. If a wound in the limb with fractures, then superimposed the tires. In addition, the cardiovascular system must be maintained – camphor was given, caffeine. Difficult wounds – pneumothorax: this is when the bullet passes right through the lungs. It is necessary to close the holes so that the person can breathe.
After rendering first aid, the wounded was sent to the medical-sanitary battalion – the medical battalion, this division already. From there to the corps, the army and the hospital, for a thousand kilometers could be taken away.
Kharchuk Eugenia Filippovna
A lot of patience, dexterity and compassion was required by our work. We were brought to the wounded pilot, he did not have a living place – numerous shrapnel wounds, a fracture of the lower leg, burns of the face, neck, hands. The processing of such wounded people took a long time. It was necessary to render help quickly, without causing additional suffering. This I learned every day, and the greatest reward for the work was the gratitude of the wounded.