Artificial silk will heal wounds, consolidate bones and replace tendons
In the Middle Ages, the princes and generals wore “magic” combat clothing – a thin shirt of natural silk was worn on the naked body and served as an antiseptic barrier with inevitable wounds. Today, researchers are interested in modified silk, which is called the material of the future and are going with it to produce a revolution in traumatology.
Scientists from the University of Connecticut are developing bondage on the basis of silk threads, which will reliably secure the broken bones. Without the need to drill them and put the pins and spokes, which in itself is traumatic. Silk clamps or loops, in addition, gradually decompose and are removed from the body after about a year.
Their colleagues from the University of Perhuda added silkworm caterpillars to the DNA of the protein, which triggers a special chemical reaction. It is directed against bacteria of the E. coli – when the woven thread was dirty in their solution, and then illuminated in a special spectrum, the started reaction destroyed 55% of all the microbes. This is something like disinfection of the wound with concentrated hydrogen peroxide, and in the future in the silk thread and fabric can be added components that work as antibiotics to disinfect the wound immediately with dressing.
The third area of ??application is the creation of artificial tendons from a combination of silk and nanocellulose. The first element is responsible for the elasticity, the second for the strength of the structure, so large that such materials can be used in bulletproof vests . And if this can be put into practice, dreams of subcutaneous armor in man become a reality. And if he still can run further and easier on the new tendons in his legs, super-silk will really become the material of the future.