Alcohol kills. But how fast?
How much alcohol can you drink before he starts killing you? Not so much, experts say. According to The Sydney Morning Herald, consumption of more than six glasses of wine or six glasses of beer per week reduces life expectancy by several years. And the more you exceed this number, the higher the possible risks.
Information from the new global study on the effects of alcohol on the human body seems particularly interesting in the light of “safe doses of alcohol,” which, of course, vary in location, but almost always exceed six servings.
The study, published in April 2018 in one of the most authoritative medical journals of The Lancet, suggests that alcohol begins to destroy all the systems of our body faster than is commonly believed. “Write down or remember: less is always better. The lowest mortality, given regular alcohol consumption that we observed, was recorded in a group of people who drank less than 10 servings per week, “says Bu Yeap, a researcher at the University of Western Australia and co-author of the study, which involved more than 100 scientists from different countries.
It is reported that the work was combined data of 599,912 people who consume alcohol, from 19 developed countries. “We really wanted to bring together data from all over the world. And since the research turned out to be so large both in terms of sampling and in terms of geography, we managed to get very accurate results, “adds Jaap.
The key conclusion, however, was quite predictable: the more you drink, the higher the risk of death. And if you drink more than 100 grams of pure alcohol (about 10 standard drinks) per week, you definitely put your health at risk.
Scientists also found that a person aged 35-40 years who drinks 10 to 20 servings of alcohol a week, life expectancy is reduced by 6 months. At the same time, people who drink more than 35 standard drinks a week live 4-5 years less than peers who do not do this, all other things being equal.
It is important that the reduction in life expectancy is not a linear indicator. That is, a small increase in alcohol consumption leads to a small reduction in life expectancy only up to a certain point. After it – the risk increases dramatically. A few figures: a person who drinks 7-10 cans of beer a week, increases his chances of death by about 5% when compared to a person who drinks less than 7 cans of beer a week. Drink more than 21 banks per week – and the risk of death will increase by 20%. Drink more than 35 cans – and you are already 50% closer to death.
“It seems the most correct, if you do not plan to give up alcohol, make sure that you do not exceed a threshold of 100 grams of alcohol per week,” Bu Yeap comments. “And remember that as soon as you get to 300-350 grams of alcohol a week, the potential duration of your life will begin to decrease significantly.”
Recall that the speech in this case is not only about liver and intestinal diseases, most closely associated with excessive consumption of alcohol, but also about heart disease, the risk of dementia and cancer. In addition, the study took into account and the attendant risk factors, such as injuries resulting from alcohol intoxication, accidents, self-harm and even suicide.