Afghanistan has been a land of challenges. Whether it is political turmoil, financial anxiety, land mine nightmares, continual coups or recurring wars, Afghanistan has bore the brunt of its ugly fate. To achieve continuous progress nonetheless, the country has tried to overcome numerous problems and has successfully emerged up in a lot of scenarios. Take its Education sector for instance. Plight of education in Afghanistan had seldom been fine, till King Zahir Shah came and took serious actions.
King Zahir Shah (early to mid 20th Century) built principal schools for students under the age of 12, along with strengthening the secondary school program and increasing the quantity of national universities in Kabul. This move was a initial step towards laying a stronger foundation for education. Although a large portion of population still remained illiterate, it was a bold move nonetheless.
Then in the mid 1980s the nation had around 800 principal schools, 300 common secondary schools and about 6500 students in Kabul University. Such low figures are due to the widespread destruction that took place, which also eliminated up to 80 % of the schools and colleges. Resultant, a huge portion of Afghanistan generation grew up with out any formal schooling.
The year 1996 after once more marked a setback for Afghanistan education sector. The then Taliban regime most ferociously banned the education for females in Afghanistan and evolved mosque schools (madrassa) for major and secondary education.
The 21st century has marked a shining phase in the Afghanistan Education. From a “no-education-for-girls”, the situation shifted to “separate-education-for-girls”. In 2003, the girls and women shed off their camouflage and enrolled themselves in schools and colleges. Though they shared separate facilities, but they have been offered the correct to study nonetheless. The transition is subtle, but sure.
Few of the named Universities of Afghanistan that have carved a niche in their education sector are as follows:-
• Kabul University
• American University of Afghanistan
• National Military Academy of Afghanistan
• Kabul Institute of Medicine
• Polytechnic University of Kabul
• University of Pedagogy
These estimable universities constitute a main chunk of illustrious scholars, and are gaining reputation with each passing day. Kabul University in itself presently holds 10,000 students, out of which 2000 are females. An educated thoughts is also an enlightened one particular. Hope the improvement in the Afghanistan education sector also paves the way for stronger community base.