Winter Pond Management Suggestions


Mitigating Nutrient Loading in Your Aquatic System

Eutrophication is the term applied to the organic method of aging in lakes and other freshwater and brackish systems. Human activities can drastically accelerate eutrophication by escalating the rate at which nutrients and organic substances enter aquatic ecosystems from their surrounding watersheds. Agricultural runoff, urban runoff, leaking septic systems, sewage discharges, eroded stream banks, and equivalent sources can enhance the flow of nutrients and organic substances into aquatic systems. These anthropogenic influences can trigger algal blooms or the overgrowth of aquatic weeds. Although these blooms do not take location throughout the winter due to decreased water temperature, the body of water can nevertheless retailer limiting nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous that will fuel the springtime algal development spurt.

As a resident or house manager there are a number of factors that can be carried out to mitigate these effects on your lake or pond. This time of year leaf litter contributes significantly to the nutrient loading in a lot of neighborhood ponds. Maintaining fallen leaves out of your physique of water can considerably decrease the organic material stored in the method. Composting and recycling yard wastes supplies an environmentally accountable option to permitting organic components to be washed into storm water systems. Nothing is a lot more critical than minimizing the use of fertilizer throughout the community and surrounding watershed. As they say, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of remedy, so take these tiny steps to support with the management of your lake in the upcoming year.

Winter Aeration to Avert Spring Problems

Local ponds and lakes stratify with cooler water to the bottom and warmer to the leading in the course of the warmer months. As the weather in Virginia begins to cool so do the regional ponds and lakes. As the climate and ponds cool, fall turnover will take place. This is when the top temperature becomes the very same as the bottom causing thorough mixing. As winter sets in, these bodies of water will start to stratify again but in the opposite way. Inverse stratification will happen as the best layer becomes cooler than the bottom. Mixing will not occur since water reaches max density at 39’F (4’C). This is when suitable aeration can be extremely essential.

Just like summer time, appropriate mixing will be required to make positive that stratification is broken down and mixing can take place. Aeration running throughout the winter will help to keep ice from forming on the prime by possessing moving water. This moving water will help the dissolved oxygen levels to stay enough. In the event of heavy freezing, winter fish kills can take location by ice forming thick on the prime of the pond and blocking out sunlight. This causes the vegetation to die off and use up all dissolved oxygen leading to fish kill. Aeration is really essential no matter what the season!