Personal computer technology has attracted its fair share of criminal activities from those looking to exploit and capitalise on people’s reliance on the personal computer to run their every day lives. Soon after all, author Jolly John singled Singapore out for becoming ‘the most network-ready country’, signifying both our dependence on new-age technologies and the capabilities of the talent we have. Nevertheless, there are dire consequences to be dealt with must the intentions of those with the potential to manipulate the systems deviate to malice.
In their efforts to safeguard against computer crime, the Singapore Government has set up various measures via a multi-pronged strategy. The first step is to preserve up governing laws with the fast changing developments of technologies and the opportunities for dismeanour it presents by passing new legislation. Singapore passed the Pc Misuse Act in 1993, which has since been amended four occasions.
The Computer Misuse Act punishes perpetrators of computer crime, rather than cyber crime. Pc crime refers to crimes against a personal computer by way of acts that attack a laptop program. The Act covers unauthorised access to a personal computer, or pc material without authorisation, modifying the contents of a laptop without authorisation, obtaining or intercepting any laptop service or function, interfering with or obstructing the lawful use of a laptop, impeding or preventing access to or impairing the usefulness or effectiveness of any personal computer plan or data, or disclosing a password, access code, or other signifies of gaining access to a plan or data. To take just the initial instance, any individual who utilizes a computer to secure access to an additional pc without having authorization shall be guilty of an offence.
On the other hand, the existing Penal Code governs cyber crime, which is conventional crime like fraud, theft or extortion abetted by means of the personal computer. As opposed to carrying out crime against a laptop, perpetrators carry out their illegal acts by way of the laptop.
Via the Laptop Misuse Act, the law punishes and deters personal computer criminals by meting out harsh penalties like imprisonment and fines. Crimes targeting the bedrock of our nation’s essential industries like banking and finance, communications or transportation and public services warrants the harshest punishment – a fine up to $ 100,000 and/or imprisonment up to 20 years. It is also noteworthy that a Court can order compensation to be paid by the offender for any damage that is brought on, and such compensation which is ordered does not avoid or restrict a civil claim for damages which exceeds the compensation amount.
The next step it has taken is to set up agencies that make sure the enforcement of these laws. These specialised agencies consist of the Singapore Pc Emergency Response Team, Personal computer Crimes Branch of the Criminal Investigation Division (CID) and Personal computer Forensics Branch of the Singapore Police.
Operated by professionally-trained tech authorities, they can physical exercise their energy with further-territorial jurisdiction. They are trained in all elements of personal computer investigation, one of which is the emerging field of computer forensics. This intricate process of investigation enables the retrieval of consequential data from computer systems, pc networks, data storage media and related gear that might include proof which can be presented in court. They first analyse the information and meticulously document and preserve the proof to be presented just before court. This operation needs extremely trained experts as it includes delicate procedures exactly where a single wrong move can destroy or modify the evidence.
If one particular suspects a breach but don’t want to bring it directly to the authorities, there is the alternative of approaching private forensic investigators like Adroit Information Recovery Centre (ADRC). Due to the improve in violations of the Personal computer Misuse Act, ADRC has set up a forensic investigation division to deal with the influx of such investigative requests.
With more than ten years of expertise in the data recovery marketplace, ADRC is well equipped with certified computer forensic professionals who are capable of securing and documenting digital evidence with full audit trail suitable for court submission and performing data recovery under all adverse circumstances. They also have their own class one hundred clean laboratory. Without having to move proof around, this minimizes the threat of evidence being contaminated.
Personal computer customers need to also adopt preventive measures to safeguard their computer systems against laptop crime, which is a quite true threat that has the prospective to be even more damaging offered our reliance on computers these days.
Adroit Data Recovery Centre (ADRC) Pte Ltd is South East Asia’s top information recovery centre equipped with the initial Class 100 clean laboratory in Singapore. It has an un-paralleled capability and the setup to acquire and gather the digital proof from all kinds of functioning or damaged media while observing the strictest method of laptop forensic investigation.
The group of certified forensic authorities is in a position to supply court-ready reporting of digital proof for civil and criminal litigation via the installation of rigorous forensic methodologies in order to identify, obtain, preserve, analyze and document digital data (electronically stored details) for use as evidence in court or other legal or administrative proceedings.