The frontiers of modern day medicine are constantly getting driven forwards and new discoveries are becoming created on a everyday basis. Regardless of this, the search for a baldness cure seems to have been remarkably slow. This is regardless of the quantity of individuals who would benefit and the massive fortunes that would be produced on the back of a baldness cure. It is usual for research to create really swiftly when there is the prospect of a lot of cash being made. At last science appears to be making some in roads towards the eventual production of a cure that will at least be acceptable to a massive quantity of individuals suffering from baldness.
There are two primary locations where scientific study is getting driven at the moment. In America the concepts involve the stimulating of current scalp tissues to create brand new follicles which will replace those that have been lost. It has been identified that stem cells present in the hair follicle bulge are capable of creating the cells needed for producing a new hair follicle. Benefits have been 1st seen in the healing process of skin wounds. These stem cells went on to make the new skin cells and follicle cells as the wounded tissue started to heal. It has now been identified that the new stem cells actually come from the ordinary skin cells in the tissue. Somehow the wounded tissue produces chemical signals that are capable of changing ordinary skin cells into new stem cells which can then go on to generate hair follicle cells.
All perform is now concentrating on the genes responsible for generating these chemical signals. Hopefully the capability to identify and then synthesise these chemical messengers in the laboratory would lead to the production of a medication able to repopulate the hair follicles in bald places of the scalp. So far all analysis has been completed on transgenic mice, which are mice that have sections of human DNA incorporated in their make up so that the cells behave more like human cells.
In the UK, analysis is aimed at the cloning of current hair follicles. These follicles would come from the back of the head exactly where they continue to develop. The process is known as follicular implantation and trials are currently below way in humans. The procedure requires the extraction of about one hundred dermal papillae cells from the back of the head. These cells are responsible for hair growth. The cells are then grown and multiplied, a lot of instances in quantity, in a special cell culture medium. These cultivated cells are then injected back into the scalp in their millions and will go on to produce the new hair follicle cells or rejuvenate hair follicles that have gone into decline. In extremely bald individuals it might take up to 1000 tiny injections of these cells into the scalp in order to produce the needed quantity of replacement hairs and give adequate coverage of the scalp. The actual widespread use of this method is probably nonetheless 5 years away.
Clearly these two tactics would be a wonderful advancement on existing transplant strategies. There would be far less surgery utilised and this would support patient acceptability greatly. In the end we are all truly hunting for the magic remedy that we can rub on our scalps and the hairs just seem more than evening. That would be a future baldness remedy worth hunting forward to.