The initial thing that must be known is that what is psychology? Psychology is an empirical science dealing with the bio-social behavior with reference to its environment. The study of this field in philosophical context dates backs to the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China, India and Persia. This post describes the history of psychology starting from the first notion introduced to this world.
Firstly, Structuralism, this was introduced by a German Doctor Wilhelm Wundt. The strategy of inspection utilized in this field was introspection also recognized as self observation. This field made use of the conscious thoughts and sensation of the person to uncover the answer to the query or any dilemma. This strategy is no longer in practice nonetheless, as it was not dependable. Wilhelm is also known as father of psychology as he began experimental psychology, set up the initial experimental psychology lab and gave the 1st systematic psychology book to the world. The second step in history was Functionalism which was formed as the reaction to the theories of the structuralist school of thought. This field focused on the thoughts of the individuals and that how did it adapted to the atmosphere and the individuals surrounding it. The principal contributor to this school of believed was William James.
The third school of believed in the evolution of the psychology was named Psychoanalysis. The principal contributor to this field was Sigmund Freud. It is a strategy of investigation of the mind and the way a single thinks, a type of psychotherapy and a systemized set of theories associated to the human behavior. The fourth school of believed was Behaviorism. It was founded by John B. Watson. It dealt with the theories that how people are affected by their atmosphere and that they find out their behavior form the society they reside in and later Skinner also introduced his theory in this school of thought named S-O-R or Stimulus organism response. The fourth school of believed is Humanistic. It was developed in reaction to behaviorism and psychoanalysis. This strategy glimpse the human as the complete, it does not focuses on only one particular specific point of human life or character. The fifth Step is Gestlat psychology. It is a science of perceiving a entire picture, not just the fragments of a image. It helps in telling about the character of a individual. The key contributor to this science was Max Wertheimer but Kohler and Koffka also helped a lot.
The sixth college of believed to be developed was Cognitivism. It studies the mental processes and in addition to that it studied the way that how men and women feel, remember and learn. The primary contributors to this field have been George Miller and Albert Ellis. The seventh College of thought was Biopsychosocial model. It is an integrated point of view. This science is the study and understanding on the consciousness, behavior and social relationships. This science assumes that the way 1 live, act and think is hugely impacted by the social culture he belongs to.