God has bestowed music upon us a gift with each other with its major fold blessings like a correct friend, it enhances our happiness and curtails our sorrows. It pleases and soothes each the wealthy & the poor, men & girls & casts & creeds without having distinctions. Our Indian saints such as SURDAS, KABIR , NARSIMH MEHTA, MIRABAI, TUJARAM – to mention but a couple of have immortalized music by composing their never-to-be forgotten prayer melodies. The sage NARADA has always been described as accompanied with his VEENA which helped him attain communion with the supreme being. Music has also been connected with our Gods & Goddesses and also the Hindu trinity, the creator, the presence and the destroyer.
“BRAHMAND” the creator’s music hum, pervades the universe. The really mention of SHREE KRISHNA’S flute fills the heart of VAISHNAVAS as with rupture. God Shankar with his “DAMARU” has been fumed . “NATRAJ ” the king of dancers. SARASWATI the goddess of studying, is never ever pictured without her VEENA the symbol of music. Fantastic males of vision who have realized that basic varieties of life, have currently proclaimed on many occasion, that the musical laws govern the whole planet and living objects. Musicians are usually gifted beings. They are born fantastic with genius and flair about themselves. They do not become great by mere practice. No specific age can be assigned nor any specific theory ascribed to the provenance of music. All theories paint to the conclusion that music is pre-existed language. Just before man discovered language to give utterance to his feelings there have to have been what are known as the simple feelings of human mind, sorrow and joy of human elation and disappointment. The direct relation of music is not to concepts but feelings. Man is governed by laws of hedonic selection.
Psychologically also every single impression should be followed by expression. Without having this mind will locate no rest. If uneasiness shaped upon uneasiness, daily and every minute the tension would turn out to be also wonderful and eventually snap in other words man would go insane unless of course an outlet is identified for their impressions. As a result, there must have been some vehicle to convey the basic emotions of mind. This we may well call the embryo of music.
According to Dr. Burn in his “History of music” supported the fundamental feelings he expressed that feelings are more or significantly less common to all nationals and tribes.
For example the sound of “Oh” is utilized to express surprise all over the globe whether among the very civilized or utterly barbarism. Music is the religion of each and every human becoming. Music cleanses the understanding inspires it and left it into a realms which it would not attain if it were left to itself. “There is a music in all factors if guys had ears”. If we study the voices of animals in different moods we will not fail to discover the seven principal notes of our music in them. In the course of the sexual selection the voices of animals have been discovered to evolve into music . Animals possessing no personal charms or magnetism have to dependent completely on the melody of their voice to attract the female. Though these animals are by nature gifted with enchanting voice they but employ all their skill and all their powers of enchantment to make the melody of their voice more sweeter, more pleasanter ,more tempting blended into a harmony like the gaudy hues of the rainbow. Every single time they invent some new notes, some new track some new trap, such exuberance of notes & sounds . Which have been pounded out by type nature ever . Since the dawn of life have by gradual evolution- possibly on sexual basis- been, re cultured & re- used by human ingenunity into vocal & instrumental music.
It is presumed that genesis of Hindu music goes back to Vedas. The Vedas are not only the earliest documents which throw light on history of India, but also give an insight into the development of Hindu music and culture. As such there is no theory expounded in the Vedas but the hymns, the rhythm in which these were chanted, the tones in which these have been chanted, the tones in which these had been recited are of quite fantastic value to the student of topic, for it is these which progressively developed into the regular “SWARAS” of the Hindu music.
The Aryans, the authors of the Vedas, have been the worshippers of nature. They eulogized the elements by chanting Hymns, which later on acquired the nomenclature of “Mantras”. These Mantras are panegyric adoration address to a variety of gods of Hindu pantheon.
There are many Vedas but “SAMA Veda” is of utmost significance and value to the student of Hindu music is comprising a quantity of HYMAS chanted by sages in their “SAMGAN” or evening prayers.
The correct VEDIC God RUDRA, who following the amalgamation of the VEDIC culture with the Dravidian took the name and kind of Shiva has not only played an crucial role in the development of music but has contributed significantly to the molding of Hindu culture, religion. The core of the Hindu thoughts the firmament of Hindu culture is the “OM” the innermost nationality of India. Thus lord Shiva creates a halo about the origin of our music. He is the supposed creators of the threefold art his mystic, dance symbolizing the rhythmic motion of the universe.
India is not a country but a continent divided into several communions . Every single, having its own language, custom, tunes with traits of its own, as by the nationality of an individual be fixed with this difference that the latter requires a well trained ear to distinguish the tunes, for tunes differ not only from community to community but also from 1 social custom or function to yet another . As the nuptial tunes are not the exact same as the HOLI festival tunes. In course of time these tunes had been collected and classified by SHASTRAKARS into RAGA and RAGINI. As a result the SWARAS fixed in the days of yore have been handed down to us and this distinct custom of employing notes according to the distinction of passion or Raga peculiar to Hindu music is technically known as “RAGA & RAGINI.
The ‘Rasa’ or passion is the realization or expertise of emotion is a super natural state of mind. Something that can throw the thoughts into an ecstatic state is ‘Rasa’. The greatest culmination of music lies in the moment which creates the bewitchment of the thoughts and the generation of Rasa.
Music is the essence of the universe the synthesis of soul, the very breath of God. It is the “OM” of our religion, the food for the appetite of the soul. It can not be hidebound into any particular age or neighborhood or country. It has born & devolved with mankind. Music not only reveals the story of the infancy of the human race but also the dawn & development of civilization. It supplies the missing link between the past and the present.
Death is music, Birth is music and among the Alpha & Omega is the table land of life interwoven in the rhythmical ‘SHRUTIS’ and melodious notes.
Before I conclude, I wish to express that the basis of our Indian music is devotion and love. Possibly there is no other sense so perfect, so artistic as the conception of Birth and death- creation & destruction-evolution and revolution. This perhaps was the basis of our classical conception, which our forefathers tried to give shape in the type of the 3 cardinal deities of our religion, BRAHMA the creator, VISHNU the preserver, MAHADEVA the destroyer the total sense of evolution and revolution.