Evolution of Wireless Technologies


The Initial Generation (1G) of wireless communication is an analog variety of technologies wherein the signals are modulated to greater frequency to transmit signal from a mobile device to another via base station. Different requirements had been developed in distinct regions, to name a handful of – AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone System) in US, NMT (Nordic Mobile Phone) in Eastern Europe, TACS (Total Access Communications Technique) in United Kingdom.

But the golden era of wireless mobile application improvement started in the year 1980’s, from which the technology GSM (Common Program for Mobile Communications), a European normal, initial launched and invaded the marketplace. This 2nd Generation (2G) digital communication program has brought about the considerable milestone in sophisticated technology, creating longer distance communication feasible and simpler to use. Both cellular gear vendors and telecommunications operators benefitted with the escalating demands from mobile customers.

In GSM, the exchange of voice calls and SMS (Brief Messaging System) through a transportable or mobile device became broadly used internationally. Its true-time and trustworthy transfer of data captured the consideration of several users, that even the expense of services, exactly where voice calls were charged per minute and SMS per message sent, and the hardware specifications, such as SIM card and mobile phone, are  negligible for the shoppers longing for efficient and reputable communication technology. As a result of further study, GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) came identified in 1990’s. This is the beginning of information or net connectivity through wireless communication. As customers became enticed to accessing their emails, browsing web sites and chatting using their phone, a greater challenge was formed amongst the service providers – the enhance in bit prices and throughput for more quickly transfer of information. From this EDGE, or known as Enhanced Information Price for Global Evolution, is introduced. With this development, the cellular vendors were also needed to cope up with the demands and have to parallel the efforts of generating mobile phones compatible with these technologies. The handheld devices are made to adapt the services from voice contact, to sending text, to downloading information and surfing the web with user-friendly interfaces.

It is in summer of the year 2000 exactly where the specification operate on wireless technology was assigned to the international group 3GPP (3G Partnership System), which will be accountable in study and application of the evolving 3rd Generation (3G) wireless technology – UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication Program). This gives a new circuit-switched service referred to as video calling and enhanced data rate up to 384kbps. Not far from the launch of 3G, HSDPA (Higher Speed Download Packet Access) came into the scene, offering up to 14.4Mbps data rate for mobile subscribers.

Within these final two decades, the development of mobile application improvement constantly changes and became so widespread that it impacts the way of life of most folks, in any country regardless of age and social group. The solutions of wireless technologies paved unlimited demands from the mobile customers. Because of this, yet another telecommunication method called WiMax or Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access is becoming rolled out by operators in some countries in Asia and US. Not as straightforward as it sounds, this technology offers that in a couple of years, the delivery of Net access throughout the globe with no any wires is attainable, not only to mobile phones but also to portable computer systems, any handheld devices and every single living space.